In the 21st century, throughout the world, human trafficking has converted into one of the most profitable criminal businesses and also one of most atrocious.
Working for nothing or next to nothing in inhumane conditions, caught up in debt with little food or shelter, human trafficking is one of the most sinister forms of labor exploitation. Its another way of practicing slavery and of illegally taking advantage of the economic value of human labor.
Deceiving, capturing, moving and withholding people in order to use them sexually is another way of exploiting, denigrating and of violating their rights as human beings, such as the right to life and freedom.
The situations of sexual and labor exploitation described, such as organ trafficking, are being pursued as criminal offenses internationally since 2002 with the signing of the Palermo Protocol, and are categorized as HUMAN TRAFFICKING.
In Peru, human trafficking also includes the selling of children disguised as certain forms of illegal adoption and begging.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) estimates that between 800,000 and 2 million people fall victim to human trafficking each year. According to the United Nations, this criminal activity generates a profit of 9.5 billion dollars a year, placing it amongst the top three sources of income for organized crime, after the drug trade and armed trafficking.
Human trafficking is a criminal phenomenon of growing international importance as it is a fundamental violation of human rights as established by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which knows no borders.